List of sources and helpful resources used for articles on this website:

Pregnancy and Birth:

  • Goer, H.,‎ Romano, A. (2012). Optimal Care in Childbirth The Case for a Physiologic Approach. Seattle, Washington: Classic Day Publishing.
  • Bohren MA, Hofmeyr GJ, Sakala C, Fukuzawa RK, Cuthbert A. Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD003766. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003766.pub6.
  • Cheyney, M., Bovbjerg, M., Everson, C., et al. (2014). “Outcomes of care for 16,924 planned home births in the United States: the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004-2009.” J Midwifery Womens Health 59(1): 17-27.
  • Simmons SW, Taghizadeh N, Dennis AT, Hughes D, Cyna AM. Combined spinal-epidural versus epidural analgesia in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD003401. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003401.pub3
  • Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr GJ, et al. Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011;2:CD003766
  • Chatfield, J. (2001, July 01). ACOG Issues Guidelines on Fetal Macrosomia. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p169.html
  • Blustein Jan, Liu Jianmeng. Time to consider the risks of caesarean delivery for long term child health BMJ 2015; 350 :h2410
  • Reed, R. (2015, May 13). Nuchal Cords: The Perfect Scapegoat. https://midwifethinking.com/2015/05/13/nuchal-cords/
  • Janssen PA, Saxell L, Page LA, Klein MC, Liston RM, Lee SK. Outcomes of planned home birth with registered midwife versus planned hospital birth with midwife or physician. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2009;181(6-7):377-383. doi:10.1503/cmaj.081869.
  • Sheiner E., Abramowicz J.S., Levy A., Silberstein T., Mazor M., Hershkovitz R. (2005, December 23). Nuchal cord is not associated with adverse perinatal outcome. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16374604 
  • Miser, W.F., (1992, April). Outcome of infants born with nuchal cords. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1556538
  • Harshe, J. (2013, June 6). Alternative Methods Of Checking Dilation {The Purple Line And More}. http://birthwithoutfearblog.com/2013/06/06/alternative-methods-of-checking-dilation-the-purple-line-and-more/
  • American Pregnancy Association (2015, August). Breech Births. http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/breech-presentation/
  • Cunningham, F.G., Leveno, K.J., Bloom, S.L., Hauth, J.C., Rouse,D.J., Spong, C.Y.. (2001). Williams Obstetric: 23rd Edition. New York City, New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  • Dekker, R. (2017, April 27). The Evidence On: Failure to Progress. https://evidencebasedbirth.com/friedmans-curve-and-failure-to-progress-a-leading-cause-of-unplanned-c-sections/
  • Lannon, C.M., Bailey, A.G.D., Fleischman, A.R., Kaplan, G.W., Shoemaker, C.T., Swanson, J.T., Coustan, D. (1999, March 3) American Academy Of Pediatrics: Task Force on Circumcision. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/103/3/686.full.pdf
  • Consumer Reports (2014, June). 10 Over-The-Counter Drugs to Avoid During Pregnancy: These surprising, safer alternatives may be a better choice. https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/2012/05/10-over-the-counter-drugs-to-avoid-during-pregnancy/index.htm
  • International Cesarean Awareness Network (2018). FAQs about VBAC. http://www.ican-online.org/faqs-about-vbac/
  • Kamel, J. (2012, April 11). The best compilation of VBAC/ERCS research to date. https://vbacfacts.com/2012/04/11/best-compilation-of-vbac-research-to-date/
  • Jones, J.M., (1950). The Dr. Brewer Pregnancy Diet. http://drbrewerpregnancydiet.com/id78.html
  • American Pregnancy Association (2015, July). Diet During Pregnancy. http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/diet-during-pregnancy/
  • American Pregnancy Association (2015, August). Risks Of A Cesarean Procedure. http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/cesarean-risks/
  • American Pregnancy Association (2017, May 15). Midwives. http://americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/midwives/
  • Nierenberg, C. (2013, October 2). For Twin Delivery, C-Sections No Safer than Vaginal Births. https://www.livescience.com/40140-twin-births-csections-vaginal-delivery.html
  • Gordon, S. (2013, October 2). Don’t Rule Out Vaginal Delivery for Twins: Study
  • No significant differences seen in results for mother, babies compared to C-section. https://consumer.healthday.com/sexual-health-information-32/childbirth-health-news-126/don-t-rule-out-vaginal-delivery-for-twins-study-says-680750.html
  • Pearson, C. (2013, October 2). Twin Birth Study Finds No Benefits To Planned C-Section. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/02/twin-birth-c-section_n_4030971.html
  • Kenney, J. (2016, September 16). 13 Women Describe What It Actually Feels Like To Have A C-Section. https://www.romper.com/p/13-women-describe-what-it-actually-feels-like-to-have-a-c-section-18409
  • Brown, M. (2014, May 16). 7 Myths & Facts About C-Sections: What Every Mom Needs to Know. http://thestir.cafemom.com/pregnancy/172362/7_myths_facts_about_csections
  • Weiss, R.E., (2017, September 24). Cesarean Section Step by Step Procedure. https://www.verywell.com/cesarean-section-photos-step-by-step-2758512
  • Improving Birth – www.improvingbirth.org/
  • International Cesarean Awareness Network (ICAN) – http://www.ican-online.org/
  • National Accreta Foundation – https://www.preventaccreta.org/
  • DONA International – https://www.dona.org/
  • Birth Boot Camp – https://www.birthbootcamp.com/
  • American Pregnancy Association (2015, August). Risks Of A Cesarean Procedure. www.americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/cesarean-risks/
  • CAPPA – http://www.cappa.net/
  • Birth Monopoly – http://birthmonopoly.com/
  • VBAC Facts – https://vbacfacts.com/
  • Centers of Disease Control (CDC) – https://www.cdc.gov/
  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) – https://www.acog.org/
  • Midwife’s Alliance of North America (MANA) – https://mana.org/
  • Evidence Based Birth – https://evidencebasedbirth.com/
  • Improving Birth – http://improvingbirth.org/
  • Gaskin, I.M., (2003). Ina May’s Guide to Childbirth. New York, New York: Bantam Dell.
  • Dick-Read, G., Gaskin, I.M. (1959, 2013). Childbirth Without Fear: The Principles and Practice of Natural Childbirth. London, United Kingdom: Pinter & Martin Ltd.
  • Gaskin, I.M., DiFranco, A. (2011, March 22). Birth Matters: A Midwife’s Manifesta. New York, New York: Seven Stories Press.
  • Simkin, P. (2013). The Birth Partner – 4th Edition. Boston, Massachusetts: The Harvard Common Press.
  • McCutcheon-Rosegg, S., Rosegg, P. (1984). Natural Childbirth the Bradley Way. New York, New York: Plume.
  • Morris, T. (2013). Cut It Out: The C-Section Epidemic in America. New York, New York: New York University Press.
  • Drichta J.E., ‎Owen J.,‎ Northrup, C. (2013). The Essential Homebirth Guide: For Families Planning or Considering Birthing at Home. New York, New York: Gallery Books.
  • Sears, W.,‎ Sears, M. (1994). The Birth Book: Everything You Need to Know to Have a Safe and Satisfying Birth. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company.
  • Davis, E. (2012). Heart and Hands, Fifth Edition: A Midwife’s Guide to Pregnancy and Birth. New York: Ten Speed Press.
  • March of Dimes (2018, October) Having a C-Section. https://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/having-a-c-section.aspx
  • Andersson Ola, Hellström-Westas Lena, Andersson Dan, Domellöf Magnus. Effect of delayed versus early umbilical cord clamping on neonatal outcomes and iron status at 4 months: a randomised controlled trial BMJ 2011; 343 :d7157
  • Fogelson N. (2009, December 3). Delayed Cord Clamping Should Be Standard Practice in Obstetrics. https://academicobgyn.com/2009/12/03/delayed-cord-clamping-should-be-standard-practice-in-obstetrics/
  • Dekker, R. (2015, April 15). The Evidence on: Due Dates. https://evidencebasedbirth.com/evidence-on-inducing-labor-for-going-past-your-due-date/
  • The Dr. Brewer Pregnancy Diet. http://drbrewerpregnancydiet.com/index.html
  • Consumer Reports. (2014, June). 10 Over-The-Counter Drugs to Avoid During Pregnancy. https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/2012/05/10-over-the-counter-drugs-to-avoid-during-pregnancy/index.htm
  • The Intact Network. https://www.intactnetwork.org/
  • Centers for Disease Control. (2018, October 4). Treating for Two: Medicine and Pregnancy. https://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/meds/treatingfortwo/index.html
  • Dekker R. (2017, August 16). Evidence on: Doulas. https://evidencebasedbirth.com/the-evidence-for-doulas/
  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) – http://www.cochranelibrary.com/
  • MANA Home Birth Stats – https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jmwh.12172
  • Janssen PA, Saxell L, Page LA, Klein MC, Liston RM, Lee SK. Outcomes of planned home birth with registered midwife versus planned hospital birth with midwife or physician. CMAJ. 2009;181(6-7):377-83.
  • https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0266613818300974
  • Childbirth Connection. (2016, August). Why Is The C-Section Rate So High? http://www.leapfroggroup.org/sites/default/files/Files/why-is-the-c-section-rate-so-high.pdf
  • PBS News Hour. (2018, April 18). Why are black mothers and infants far more likely to die in U.S. from pregnancy-related causes? https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/why-are-black-mothers-and-infants-far-more-likely-to-die-in-u-s-from-pregnancy-related-causes
  • Cheyney, M., Bovbjerg, M., Everson, C., et al. (2014). “Outcomes of care for 16,924 planned home births in the United States: the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004-2009.” J Midwifery Womens Health 59(1): 17-27.
  • Bovbjerg, M. L., Cheyney, M., Brown, J., et al. (2017). “Perspectives on risk: Assessment of risk profiles and outcomes among women planning community birth in the United States.” Birth 44(3): 209-221.
  • Mayo Clinic. (2018, October 23). Episiotomy: When it’s needed, when it’s not. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/labor-and-delivery/in-depth/episiotomy/art-20047282 
  • JHP Pharmaceuticals. Pitocin. http://jhppharma.com/products/pitocin.html
  • March of Dimes. (2013 Nov). Group B Strep Infection. https://www.marchofdimes.org/complications/group-b-strep-infection.aspx
  • American Family Physician. (1999). Interpretation of the Electronic Fetal Heart Rate During Labor. https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2487.html
  • Childbirth Connection. Research and Evidence. http://www.childbirthconnection.org/giving-birth/c-section/research-evidence/
  • MacDorman, M. F., Declercq, E. , Menacker, F. and Malloy, M. H. (2006), Infant and Neonatal Mortality for Primary Cesarean and Vaginal Births to Women with “No Indicated Risk,” United States, 1998–2001 Birth Cohorts. Birth, 33: 175-182. doi:10.1111/j.1523-536X.2006.00102.x
  • Sartwelle TP, Johnston JC. Continuous Electronic Fetal Monitoring during Labor: A Critique and a Reply to Contemporary Proponents. Surg J (N Y). 2018;4(1):e23-e28. Published 2018 Mar 7. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1632404
  • Habib J. (2012, August 3). Cesarean Delivery in Eclampsia May Not Improve Outcomes. http://www.obgyn.net/pregnancy-and-birth/cesarean-delivery-eclampsia-may-not-improve-outcomes
  • Alhusen JL, Bower KM, Epstein E, Sharps P. Racial Discrimination and Adverse Birth Outcomes: An Integrative Review. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2016;61(6):707-720.

Breastfeeding:

  • Mohrbacher, N.,‎ Kendall-Tackett, K.,‎ Newman, J. (2010). Breastfeeding Made Simple: Seven Natural Laws for Nursing Mothers. Oakland, California: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.
  • Wiessinger, D.,‎ West, D.,‎ Pitman, T. (2010). The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding: Completely Revised and Updated 8th Edition. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • The Newman Breastfeeding Clinic: International Breastfeeding Centre – http://ibconline.ca/
  • Wall, G. (2013). Outcomes of Breastfeeding. http://www.llli.org/docs/cbi/outcomes_of_breastfeeding_jan_2013.pdf
  • Human Milk. Tailor Made for Human Babies – http://human-milk.com/
  • Buckley K.M., (2001, November). Long-Term Breastfeeding: Nourishment or Nurturance? http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/089033440101700404
  • Journal of Human Lactation – http://journals.sagepub.com/home/jhl
  • Mathur G.P., Gupta N., Mathur S., Gupta V., Pradhan S., Dwivedi J.N., Tripathi B.N., Kushwaha K.P., Sathy N., Modi U.J., (1993). Breastfeeding and childhood cancer. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8282392
  • Bener A., Hoffmann G.F., Afify Z., Rasul K., Tewfik I. (2008). Does prolonged breastfeeding reduce the risk for childhood leukemia and lymphomas? https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18449131
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (2018). Benefits of Breastfeeding. https://www.aap.org/en-us/advocacy-and-policy/aap-health-initiatives/Breastfeeding/Pages/Benefits-of-Breastfeeding.aspx
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2017, January). What are the benefits of breastfeeding. https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/breastfeeding/conditioninfo/benefits
  • Office on Women’s Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. WomensHealth.gov (2018, January). Making the Decision to Breastfeed. https://www.womenshealth.gov/breastfeeding/making-decision-breastfeed.
  • Medela – http://www.medelabreastfeedingus.com/
  • Lansinoh – https://www.lansinoh.com/
  • Kelly Mom – https://kellymom.com/
  • Le Leche League – http://www.llli.org/
  • SurgeonGeneral.gov (2011, January). The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding
    Fact Sheet. https://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/calls/breastfeeding/factsheet.html
  • World Health Organization – Breastfeeding. http://www.who.int/topics/breastfeeding/en/
  • Feldman-Winter, L., Goldsmith, J.P., Committee on Fetus and Newborn, Task Force of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. (2016). The American Academy of Pediatrics: Safe Sleep and Skin-to-Skin Care in the Neonatal Period for Healthy Term Newborns. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2016/08/18/peds.2016-1889
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (2012). Policy Statement: Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/3/e827
  • HealthyChildren.org – from the American Academy of Pediatrics (2006, January). Breastfeeding Benefits Your Baby’s Immune System. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/breastfeeding/Pages/Breastfeeding-Benefits-Your-Babys-Immune-System.aspx
  • Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on the Evaluation of the Addition of Ingredients New to Infant Formula. Infant Formula: Evaluating the Safety of New Ingredients. (2004). Washington DC: National Academies Press US.
  • Pannaraj, P.S., Li F., Cerini C. (2017, July). Association Between Breast Milk Bacterial Communities and Establishment and Development of the Infant Gut Microbiome. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2625334
  • Bonyata, K. (2003). Extended Breastfeeding Factsheet. http://whale.to/a/extended_bf_factsheet.pdf
  • Dr. Sears – Breastfeeding Benefits from Top to Bottom. https://www.askdrsears.com/topics/feeding-eating/breastfeeding/why-breast-is-best/breastfeeding-benefits-top-bottom
  • Bonyata, K. (2018, January). Breastfeeding Past Infancy: Fact Sheet. https://kellymom.com/ages/older-infant/ebf-benefits/
  • National Health and Research Council (2003, April). Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia incorporating the Infant Feeding Guidelines for Health Workers. https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/n34.pdf
  • Bonyata, K. (2018, January 14) Breastmilk Composition. https://kellymom.com/nutrition/milk/bmilk-composition/
  • Ballard, O., Morrow, A.L. (2013). Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586783/
  • Simon A.K., Hollander G.A., McMichael A. (2015). Evolution of the immune system in humans from infancy to old age. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4707740/
  • Martin C.R., Ling P., Blackburn G.L. (2016). Review of Infant Feeding: Key Features of Breast Milk and Infant Formula. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4882692/
  • Parikh N.I, Hwang S.J., Ingelsson, E., Benjamin E.J., Fox C.S., Vasan R.S., Murabito, J.M. (2009). Breastfeeding in Infancy and Adult Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2704490/
  • Li R., Dee D., Li C.M., Hoffman, H.J., Grummer-Strawn L.M. (2014). Breastfeeding and Risk of Infections at 6 Years. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4258846/
  • Centers for Disease Control. (2018 September 18). Proper Storage and Preparation of Breast Milk. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/recommendations/handling_breastmilk.htm 

Mindful Parenting:

  • Siegel, D.J.,‎ Bryson, T.P. (2012). The Whole-Brain Child: 12 Revolutionary Strategies to Nurture Your Child’s Developing Mind. New York: Bantam Books.
  • Lansbury, J. (2014). No Bad Kids: Toddler Discipline Without Shame. JLML Press.
  • Ockwell-Smith, S. (2015). The Gentle Sleep Book. London, United Kingdom: Piatkus.
  • Sears, W.,‎ Sears, M.,‎ Sears, R.,‎ Sears, J. (2013). The Baby Book, Revised Edition: Everything You Need to Know About Your Baby from Birth to Age Two. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company.
  • The Circumcision Debate – http://circumcisiondebate.org/
  • Mother-Baby Behavioral Sleep Laboratory – University of Notre Dame – http://cosleeping.nd.edu/
  • American Academy of Pediatrics – https://www.aap.org/
  • Intact America – http://www.intactamerica.org/
  • Safely Ever After – http://safelyeverafter.com/index.html
  • National Highway Safety Traffic Administration (2011). NHTSA Releases New Child Seat Guidelines. https://www.nhtsa.gov/press-releases/nhtsa-releases-new-child-seat-guidelines
  • Unicef. Bed Sharing, Infant Sleep and SIDS. https://www.unicef.org.uk/babyfriendly/news-and-research/baby-friendly-research/infant-health-research/infant-health-research-bed-sharing-infant-sleep-and-sids/ 

Babywearing: 

  • Babywearing International – https://babywearinginternational.org/
  • Babywearing 102 – http://babywearing102.tumblr.com/post/56693717507/the-babywearing-glossary
  • Center for Babywearing Studies – http://www.centerforbabywearingstudies.com/
  • Baby Carrier Industry Alliance – https://babycarrierindustryalliance.org/
  • Baby Sling Safety (TICKS) – http://babyslingsafety.co.uk/
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) – https://www.aap.org/
  • Hunziker, U.A., Barr, R.G. (1985). Increased Carrying Reduces Infant Crying: A Randomized Controlled Trial. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/77/5/641 

 

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